Limerick businesses urged to accept Irish Business Design Challenge Limerick on Covid watch list Print Housing 37 Compulsory Purchase Orders issued as council takes action on derelict sites Linkedin Facebook Twitter Mary Killeen Fitzgerald, Limerick LEO; former rugby international Fiona Steed and Network Ireland President Helen Wycherley at the launch of the International Women’s Day event in Thomond Park.Photo: Brian ArthurAS THE home of Munster Rugby, Thomond Park has seen its fair share of endurance and determination on the sporting front.On Friday, March 8 it will be the venue for a major event to mark International Women’s Day when the focus will be on building a different kind of resilience.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Hosted by Network Ireland, the Women in Business conference will be attended by hundreds of budding entrepreneurs, SME owners, professionals and leaders in indigenous and multinational organisations to non-profits, charities, arts and the public sector.Network Ireland’s International Women’s Day event normally takes place in Dublin but its president Helen Wycherley, who has strong ties with Limerick and Munster Rugby, decided to move the location to Thomond Park.Eamon Ryan, Head of Enterprise, Local Enterprise Office Limerick said that the event would strengthen the partnership between LEO Limerick and Network Ireland.Speakers include former Ireland rugby international, Fiona Steed and performance coach, Gerry Hussey. The event MC is journalist Deirdre O’Shaughnessy. The theme for this year’s conference is #BuildingResilience.President of Network Ireland, Helen Wycherley said: “We want to focus on #BuildingResilience – for ourselves and our businesses. It is important to develop a positive and resilient mind-set to conquer the challenges we as businesswomen encounter. Our celebration of International Women’s Day will be a fantastic, inspiring, fun event for all with endless opportunity for learning and connecting with other women in business from across the country.”“Through my presidency of Network Ireland, I want to help women to fulfil their potential by empowering them to step up and do more. That is why I’ve chosen #StepUp as the theme for 2019.“I want to help and support our members, to do more and be more. So this year will be all about empowering women to step up to the challenge, to be ready to seize opportunities as they arise, to be confident and go for that promotion, apply for that grant application, go on State boards or take more risks and to say “I can” not “I might” or “maybe”.Tickets for the event are available at https://networkirelandiwd2019.eventbrite.ieby Rebecca [email protected] Email Advertisement WhatsApp TechPost | Episode 9 | Pay with Google, WAZE – the new Google Maps? and Speak don’t Type! Exercise With Oxygen Training at Ultimate Health Clinic BusinessNewsNetwork Ireland brings a different kind of resilience to Thomond ParkBy Staff Reporter – February 19, 2019 2849 TAGSbusinessEventLimerick City and CountyNews Previous articleCall for directly elected Mayors to be given executive powersNext articleAaron Gillane, Power Plays and Peaking Early: Talking Points from Nowlan Park conquest Staff Reporterhttp://www.limerickpost.ie RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Ann & Steve Talk Stuff | Episode 29 | Levelling Up
ColumnsMunawar Faruqui’s Case- Misuse Of Section 295A Of Penal Code And An Aggravated Insult On Free Speech Siddharth Shivakumar23 Jan 2021 1:27 AMShare This – xHaving regard to the ingredients of the offence created by the impugned section, there cannot, in our opinion, be any possibility of this law being applied for purposes not sanctioned by the Constitution- Supreme Court on S.295A IPC in Ramji Lal Modi v. State of U.P [(1957) S.C.R. 860]The dangerous curtailment of comedian Munawar Faruqui’s personal liberty must prick at our collective conscience. It is bizarre that the State argues against granting bail while the Indore Police Chief, Vijay Khatri admits that the only evidence-based on which the young comedian has been jailed is the word of the complainants. The Police do not have any video evidence as Munawar had not…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe dangerous curtailment of comedian Munawar Faruqui’s personal liberty must prick at our collective conscience. It is bizarre that the State argues against granting bail while the Indore Police Chief, Vijay Khatri admits that the only evidence-based on which the young comedian has been jailed is the word of the complainants. The Police do not have any video evidence as Munawar had not even started his show or uttered any jokes. As it stands today, a young comedian is languishing in prison for jokes he had not yet uttered. One of the crimes he has been accused of is ‘deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs’ under Section 295A of the Indian Penal Code. In this context, I have analysed the applicability of this Section and I argue that even the jokes made by the comedian in the past in other shows do not meet the required threshold to attract this provision of law.Section 295A of the IPC states that-“Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs.—Whoever, with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of[citizens of India], [by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise], insults or attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of that class, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to [three years], or with fine, or with both.]”In a religious and sensitive country like India anything can be interpreted to be an insult to someone’s religious beliefs. However, criminal law cannot operate to curb free speech and liberty in order to protect the religiously sensitive kind. The applicability of Section 295A came up before the Supreme Court in the 1957 Ramji Lal Modi v. State of U.P. In this case, the constitutionality of Section 295A was challenged. However, this case came up before the Court, post the 1st Constitutional Amendment, which introduced reasonable restrictions in Article 19. Therefore, it was difficult for the Court to strike down the law as unconstitutional. However, the Court clarified that-“… s. 295A does not penalise any and every act of insult to or attempt to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of a class of citizens but it penalises only those acts of insults to or those varieties of attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of a class of citizens, which are perpetrated with the deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of that class. Insults to religion offered unwittingly or carelessly or without any deliberate or malicious intention to outrage the religious feelings of that class do not come within the section. It only punishes the aggravated form of insult to religion when it is perpetrated with the deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of that class.” [Emphasis supplied]The Supreme Court in Shreya Singhal [AIR 2015 SC 1523] has argued that while Ramji Lal Modi did not strike down Section 295A, the impugned provision was read down to mean that aggravated forms of insults to religion must have a tendency to disrupt public order. More recently, in the Mahendra Singh Dhoni Case [AIR 2017 SC 2392], the Supreme Court reiterated that in Ramji Lal Modi “emphasis has been laid on the calculated tendency of the said aggravated form of insult and also to disrupt the public order to invite the penalty.”The established precedents clearly indicate the following. Firstly, 295A does not penalise every act of insult. Secondly, deliberate and malicious intention of outraging religious feelings must be proved. Thirdly, only aggravated for of insult to religion is punished. Lastly, the aggravated form of insult must have a tendency to disrupt public order.To argue that mere jokes on Hindu Gods and Goddesses by a comedian is an aggravated insult that tends to disrupt public order is to sound the death knell of free speech in Madhya Pradesh. The lavish praise for the complainants by Mr. Khatri is symptomatic of the destruction of liberties in favour of majoritarian appeasement. This incident is a clear misuse of Section 295A and such wanton misuse will only encourage the law enforcement to continue to over-react to the sensitivities of the insensitive majority.SOLUTIONS TO PREVENT MISUSE OF S.295ARecently, in 2016, the Supreme Court rejected a constitutional challenge to Section 295A in Ashish Khetan v. Union of India. It does not seem like the courts will be able to provide any solution to the problem of misuse, since they have not been keen on reviewing the constitutionality of the impugned provision. The Court can only provide certain safeguards like they did in Mahendra Singh Dhoni case, wherein the Court sounded a word of caution by stating that “…Magistrates who have been conferred with the power of taking cognizance and issuing summons are required to carefully scrutinize whether the allegations made in the complaint proceeding meet the basic ingredients of the offence…”Apart from certain guidelines, the only real solution is for Parliament to amend the law in the following manner. Firstly, the interpretation provided by the Court in Ramji Lal Modi must be explicitly recognized by the text of the law. Only in cases of aggravated insult which tends to disrupt public order, can Section 295A be attracted. Secondly, there must be an application of a judicial mind before the case is registered. However, this might be difficult especially when judicial minds are so few and so burdened in this country. Therefore, in the alternative, complaints under this Section must be registered only by senior police officers, once they are satisfied that all conditions are met. This might not completely stop the misuse, but it will bring about a more accountable system.The article was first published here.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
Col. Ortega: The protagonists of the different events discussed, such as General Julio César Ruano Herrera, Colonel Mario Enrique Paiz Bolaños, Colonel Ricardo Méndez Ruiz, Engineering Colonel Edgar Leonel Ortega Rivas, Engineering Colonel Julio Alfredo Antillón Guerrero, Lieutenant Colonel Sigfrido Contreras Bonilla, Engineering Colonel Antonio Meléndez, Engineering Colonel Ricardo Figueroa Archila, General Rafael Rossito Contreras, General Mauricio Izquierdo, General José Luis Quilo Ayuso are among many who provided me with important data. Diálogo: Who were some of the people you interviewed for this project? By Dialogo September 11, 2015 Congratulations friend Kaibil Jorge Ortega on your new book and blessings to you, your wife and daughters. I know how good and illustrative your books are. Sincerely Col. (Ret.) Ismael Rodriguez Meraz, Honduras.Regards. Dear Jorge: Thank you for mentioning me as a collaborator in writing your book. Your description is very interesting, since I can attest to the work and the research it took over several years. Even though you were removed from different positions, you kept up your drive to get to the end with drive and achieve success. Col. Ortega: Five. “Los Paracaidistas” (Paratroopers), in 1997, which is being revised now for a new edition. “Los Kaibiles” (The Kaibiles), in 2003, which has had seven reprints. “Los Marinos” (Seamen), in 2006. “Pilotos Aviadores” (Aviators), in 2011, and “Nuestras Guerras” [Our Wars], printed in 2014. Col. Ortega: There is no conflict between the humanities and the Military. What is necessary is to dedicate time in your off-hours to writing and researching, which require a personal commitment and a lot of discipline to complete research projects on Military history. Make time and be productive. After that was “Los Kaibiles,” in 2003, which is in its seventh reprint with more than 10,000 copies. This has allowed me to bring to life other research projects and publications. It is doing phenomenally in the domestic and foreign markets. Col. Ortega: It is a long story, but at the beginning, it was a research project to join the Guatemalan Academy of Geography and History. But at the time, political-military events were not favorable towards the project. I left Guatemala to become a defense attaché in Mexico, and that made it more difficult to find information. The project stayed on the back burner for several years, while I completed and published “Los Pilotos Aviadores” (Aviators), “Nuestras Guerras” (Our Wars), and a book of ironic short stories. Col. Ortega: Yes, the challenges of a short story fascinate me. Saying everything in just a few words, recreating settings, feelings, and actions. I published two books of this sort. The first was “Vida y Milagros de Margarita Angulo” (The Life and Miracles of Margarita Angulo), in 2003, and the second, “La Reina de los Calzones Rotos” (The Queen of Ripped Underpants), in 2013. Both were published by Editorial Palo in Hormigo, Guatemala. Diálogo: How did you balance time for your military duties with time for writing? Upon leaving the Army, I joined the university faculty full time – where I have been for 15 years – and I dedicated a bit of time every day to finish the Military Engineers project, which I presented at that FILGUA 2015 International Book Fair this year. The book’s reception and the critics’ reviews have been very good so far. Diálogo: How many military books did you write before “Los Ingenieros Militares”? Col. Ortega: Because it is a Military history book, academic rigor permeates the work throughout. But I managed to interweave stories and anecdotes from the protagonists from these different times. Can you imagine? From the Late Classical Period of the Mayas to December 2014, in 400 pages. That is an unprecedented odyssey, with many voices that allow us to recover the past and approximate the truth about these events. Retired Guatemalan Infantry Colonel Jorge Ortega, who served his country for 33 years as an Army officer, has published six books about his country’s military history, most recently, “Los Ingenieros Militares” (The Military Engineers), which was released at the at Guatemala’s International Book Fair – FILGUA – 2015. Col. Ortega: An apprentice writer [like me] always has some ink in his well… I have been working on a document since 2002 about the experiences we lived through during the Domestic Armed Conflict in Guatemala. It is a treatment of a complicated time in our nation’s history. It is slow work collecting the information, evidence, testimony from survivors, the life experiences of widows and orphans, anecdotes, publications, press clippings, news videos, mementos, and official documents from that period. Always within the Military sphere, but with application to any human environment. It is in the final review phase. “La Anatomía del Liderazgo” [The Anatomy of Leadership], a work about a Soldier’s (Col. Ortega’s) lessons learned in guiding our men and women in uniform, successes and failures in critical combat situations and in peacetime; life-or-death situations. Diálogo: How many copies were printed in this edition? Another line I’m working on is a book of short stories titled “Alma, ¿cuándo eres mía?” (Soul, when will you be mine?), always in the genre of ironic short stories. In the following interview with Diálogo, Col. Ortega discusses his latest book and how he wrote his other five books focusing on the Armed Forces, which are considered important reference materials on Guatemala’s Military history. Col. Ortega: First, it was a personal commitment to give something back to my Army, which gave me the best job in the world: serving my country. Second, the lack of work on Guatemala’s Military history was a void to be filled. Now, there is a reference work and support for those leading Troops in Guatemala and abroad. It discusses the last two conflicts with our neighbors: the 1903 War of Totoposte and the 1906 National Campaign, in which the Guatemalan forces were victorious, winning a sound and lasting peace with our neighbors that continues to this day. This book was sold out within five weeks of its launch, and a reprint is now being made. Col. Ortega: It was a real challenge to locate the sources of information, but I managed to find them through patience and perseverance. Sometimes, you come up against a dead end or doors that are closed tight to you. But for anyone researching the past, greater difficulty leads to greater creativity! It is a continual challenge: You need contacts and a search plan with options and alternatives, and you need to be very flexible. But the most important thing is to never lose sight of your research goals. Diálogo: What inspired you to write these books about the Military? Col. Ortega: Each book has its charm, some because of the research process, others because of the people you meet while writing it, or the parallel events that facilitate or become obstacles to the composition. Let me give you some examples. The first is “Los Paracaidistas” (Paratroopers), in 1997, which hibernated for more than a decade after it was drafted before it was published. Colonel Jorge Ortega: It is part of a series of publications on the special units of the Guatemalan Army that I decided to compose years ago as my contribution to the Military. But apart from that, Engineering Col. Luis Felipe Ramos González, who at the time was the commanding officer of the Corps of Engineers, asked me to draft historical research on the Engineering Branch and the Army Corps of Engineers, saying that I had his full support in locating sources of information. This project lasted about 10 years. Col. Ortega: 1,500 copies. Diálogo: Given that there was no tradition of books on Military history in Guatemala, what did you base your works on? The book “Nuestras Guerras,” 2014, is dedicated to recovering from obscurity those Guatemalan men and women who went to war a century ago and were deployed to the borders of our country to defend sovereignty, territorial integrity, and peace for our nation. Diálogo: The book has a lot of research, but you managed to enlighten the narrative with a lot of human-interest stories… After that came “Los Marinos” in 2005. Putting this project together took me through an incredible maze to learn the history of the Naval Forces. After it was published, it garnered praise from Swedish and Guatemalan Seamen, the founders of the Guatemalan Navy, and a commemorative postage stamp. It is the history of Guatemala as seen from the sea. Diálogo: How has your life been since you retired from the Military three years ago? It was a real ordeal to get “Los Ingenieros Militares” written and published, but it was released this year after more than a decade of work. The manuscript left Guatemala and returned, after a long journey at the end of my Military career. It was a fellow traveler and companion during the autumn years of my Military career. And it is going along very well right now. Diálogo: Have you written books that are not about the Army? Diálogo: What do you think your best book is? Diálogo: Are you planning to write more books? Diálogo: How did this research project become a book? “Los Pilotos Aviadores,” in 2011, is a fabulous book. It is a collection of 100 years of feats by Guatemalan men and women conquering our air space. This publication allowed us to recognize publicly the pioneers of aviation, including the first female Aviator Pilot of Guatemala, who was decorated with the Guatemalan Air Forces Cross. We also achieved a postage stamp commemorating a Century of Air Locomotion, under the Directorate General of Mail and Telegrams. Diálogo: How did the idea for a book The Military Engineers originate? Col. Ortega: Spectacular! With its bright and dark spots, with joy, personal satisfaction, and my family, with sadness at the passing of friends and relatives, with work and with projects for the midterm. There’s always a bit of nostalgia for the Army days, but those are chapters in life that we must complete, and now I am left with the satisfaction of having fulfilled my duty to the nation through my Military career. One is a Soldier forever! We love our country unto death.
Facebook Twitter Google+ Published on November 8, 2015 at 2:05 am Contact Paul: [email protected] | @pschweds Syracuse (3-6, 1-4 Atlantic Coast) will host No. 3 Clemson (9-0, 6-0) on Saturday at 1 p.m., SU announced in a tweet early Sunday morning. The game will be televised on ABC and played in the Carrier Dome.The Orange is coming off a 41-17 loss at Louisville and has lost six consecutive games. The Tigers beat Florida State one week after the Seminoles took down Syracuse.SU is 1-2 all-time against Clemson including a 41-0 Gator Bowl victory in 1996. But Syracuse has lost to the Tigers in each of the past two seasons by a combined score of 65-20. The Orange is 0-2 in games this season at 3:30 p.m. Comments