Presidential election: concern about violence against journalists

first_img Follow the news on Armenia Organisation ArmeniaEurope – Central Asia to go further Receive email alerts Reporters Without Borders today urged Armenia’s electoral authorities to ensure that tomorrow’s presidential election run-off is not marred by incidents similar to those in the first round on 19 February in which journalists were the targets of violence and obstruction.”We ask you to do everything possible to ensure that such incidents are not repeated in the second round on 5 March,” Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Robert Ménard said in a letter to Artak Sahradian, the president of the electoral commission. “We point out that, while the media must adhere to strict rules to avoid favouring any candidate during an election, the authorities for their part must ensure that journalists are free to cover the polling,” Ménard said.Goar Vernizian, a correspondent of the weekly Aizhm, which is published by the Democratic National Union Party, was thrown against the wall of the Shirvanzade school polling station by unidentified individuals on 19 February as she was covering violations of the electoral rules. Her assailants also seized the audio cassette on which she was recording. Two journalists with the TV station Shant were hit and their video tapes were taken as they filmed a man stuffing ballots into a ballot-box in the same polling station.The same day in Yerevan, a member of the parliamentary commission of voting station No. 356/16 in Nar-Dos school seized the camera of freelance journalist Susanna Pogosian and injured her hand as she was accompanying Gedeon Lichtfield of the British weekly The Economist. Lilit Vardanian, the person in charge of electoral commission No. 26/073 in Echmiadzin (20 km. from Yerevan), refused to allow Karina Asatrian, a reporter with the independent TV station A1+, and her cameraman Robert Kharazian to film. The two journalists were then physically attacked by young men who damaged their camera and chased them out of the polling station. June 8, 2021 Find out more Forum on Information and Democracy 250 recommendations on how to stop “infodemics” News News Russian peacekeepers deny foreign reporters access to Nagorno-Karabakhcenter_img News ArmeniaEurope – Central Asia RSF calls for a fully transparent investigation after mine kills two journalists in Azerbaijan News RSF_en April 9, 2021 Find out more March 4, 2003 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Presidential election: concern about violence against journalists Help by sharing this information November 11, 2020 Find out morelast_img read more

Limerick medical card holders wrongly charged for blood tests

first_imgFacebook Previous articleLimerick men urged to mind their mental healthNext articleSisters, swing out to Limerick City Big Band Alan Jacques Vanishing Ireland podcast documenting interviews with people over 70’s, looking for volunteers to share their stories Limerick Artist ‘Willzee’ releases new Music Video – “A Dream of Peace” Limerick Ladies National Football League opener to be streamed live WhatsApp Advertisement Linkedin NewsLocal NewsLimerick medical card holders wrongly charged for blood testsBy Alan Jacques – December 12, 2015 922 TAGSblood testsCllr Maurice QuinlivanHSElimerickmedical cardsSinn Fein center_img Cllr Maurice Quinlivanby Alan [email protected] up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up Cllr Maurice QuinlivanA NUMBER of medical card holders in Limerick are being charged for blood tests by their GPs despite the fact they are entitled to this free service as part of existing service contracts with the HSE.People have contacted Sinn Féin General Election candidate for Limerick City, Cllr Maurice Quinlivan, in the last couple of weeks to express their confusion at being charged despite being eligible for free general medical services.Describing the charge as “absolutely unacceptable”, Cllr Quinlivan has advised those who had been charged that they are entitled to a full refund from the HSE.“A number of medical card holders have made contact with me to seek clarification and advice after being charged for blood tests. This is absolutely unacceptable as blood tests are free of charge to medical card holders as part of existing service contracts with the HSE and under the 1970 Health Act,” he explained.“I am quite shocked that this has been happening as I am aware that the HSE has written to contract holders a few times to clarify that the position with regards to phlebotomy services. That being said, I have also heard stories of posters being put up in some GP surgeries notifying all medical card patients that they will be charged €15 for blood tests from January 1 next.”Cllr Quinlivan insists that it is extremely important that the HSE communicates the position regarding provision of such services to contract holders.“This may have to be done more forcefully or with more clarity as it is clear that the message is not getting through in some cases. It has to be made very clear to all GPs that this not allowable or acceptable.“My foremost concern is for the welfare of medical card holder who are obviously not in a position to absorb the cost of such payments. Our GPs are a vital part of our communities. The vast majority have a very good understanding of their contractual obligations. However, it is clear that some, whatever the reasons may be, are not sticking to the terms of their contracts”, Cllr Quinlivan concluded.In response, the HSE told the Limerick Post that it has been made aware of instances where GPs have charged General Medical Services (GMS) patients inappropriately for phlebotomy (drawing blood) services. They have written to GP contract holders and clarified the position in relation to charging for phlebotomy.“A GP is expected to provide patients who hold a medical card or GP visit card with all proper and necessary treatment of a kind generally undertaken by a GP and not requiring special skill or experience of a degree or kind which GPs cannot reasonably be expected to possess.“A medical practitioner should not charge for these services or for travelling or for other expenses, premises, equipment or instruments in making the services available. In circumstances where the taking of blood is necessary, the GP may not charge that patient if they are eligible for free GMS services”.Medical card patients who feel they have been inappropriately charged for phlebotomy services can email [email protected] RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Email Twitter Predictions on the future of learning discussed at Limerick Lifelong Learning Festival Limerick’s National Camogie League double header to be streamed live WATCH: “Everyone is fighting so hard to get on” – Pat Ryan on competitive camogie squads Printlast_img read more

Munawar Faruqui’s Case- Misuse Of Section 295A Of Penal Code And An Aggravated Insult On Free Speech

first_imgColumnsMunawar Faruqui’s Case- Misuse Of Section 295A Of Penal Code And An Aggravated Insult On Free Speech Siddharth Shivakumar23 Jan 2021 1:27 AMShare This – xHaving regard to the ingredients of the offence created by the impugned section, there cannot, in our opinion, be any possibility of this law being applied for purposes not sanctioned by the Constitution- Supreme Court on S.295A IPC in Ramji Lal Modi v. State of U.P [(1957) S.C.R. 860]The dangerous curtailment of comedian Munawar Faruqui’s personal liberty must prick at our collective conscience. It is bizarre that the State argues against granting bail while the Indore Police Chief, Vijay Khatri admits that the only evidence-based on which the young comedian has been jailed is the word of the complainants. The Police do not have any video evidence as Munawar had not…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe dangerous curtailment of comedian Munawar Faruqui’s personal liberty must prick at our collective conscience. It is bizarre that the State argues against granting bail while the Indore Police Chief, Vijay Khatri admits that the only evidence-based on which the young comedian has been jailed is the word of the complainants. The Police do not have any video evidence as Munawar had not even started his show or uttered any jokes. As it stands today, a young comedian is languishing in prison for jokes he had not yet uttered. One of the crimes he has been accused of is ‘deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage religious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or religious beliefs’ under Section 295A of the Indian Penal Code. In this context, I have analysed the applicability of this Section and I argue that even the jokes made by the comedian in the past in other shows do not meet the required threshold to attract this provision of law.Section 295A of the IPC states that-“Deliberate and malicious acts, intended to outrage reli­gious feelings of any class by insulting its religion or reli­gious beliefs.—Whoever, with deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of any class of[citizens of India], [by words, either spoken or written, or by signs or by visible representations or otherwise], insults or attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of that class, shall be punished with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to [three years], or with fine, or with both.]”In a religious and sensitive country like India anything can be interpreted to be an insult to someone’s religious beliefs. However, criminal law cannot operate to curb free speech and liberty in order to protect the religiously sensitive kind. The applicability of Section 295A came up before the Supreme Court in the 1957 Ramji Lal Modi v. State of U.P. In this case, the constitutionality of Section 295A was challenged. However, this case came up before the Court, post the 1st Constitutional Amendment, which introduced reasonable restrictions in Article 19. Therefore, it was difficult for the Court to strike down the law as unconstitutional. However, the Court clarified that-“… s. 295A does not penalise any and every act of insult to or attempt to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of a class of citizens but it penalises only those acts of insults to or those varieties of attempts to insult the religion or the religious beliefs of a class of citizens, which are perpetrated with the deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of that class. Insults to religion offered unwittingly or carelessly or without any deliberate or malicious intention to outrage the religious feelings of that class do not come within the section. It only punishes the aggravated form of insult to religion when it is perpetrated with the deliberate and malicious intention of outraging the religious feelings of that class.” [Emphasis supplied]The Supreme Court in Shreya Singhal [AIR 2015 SC 1523] has argued that while Ramji Lal Modi did not strike down Section 295A, the impugned provision was read down to mean that aggravated forms of insults to religion must have a tendency to disrupt public order. More recently, in the Mahendra Singh Dhoni Case [AIR 2017 SC 2392], the Supreme Court reiterated that in Ramji Lal Modi “emphasis has been laid on the calculated tendency of the said aggravated form of insult and also to disrupt the public order to invite the penalty.”The established precedents clearly indicate the following. Firstly, 295A does not penalise every act of insult. Secondly, deliberate and malicious intention of outraging religious feelings must be proved. Thirdly, only aggravated for of insult to religion is punished. Lastly, the aggravated form of insult must have a tendency to disrupt public order.To argue that mere jokes on Hindu Gods and Goddesses by a comedian is an aggravated insult that tends to disrupt public order is to sound the death knell of free speech in Madhya Pradesh. The lavish praise for the complainants by Mr. Khatri is symptomatic of the destruction of liberties in favour of majoritarian appeasement. This incident is a clear misuse of Section 295A and such wanton misuse will only encourage the law enforcement to continue to over-react to the sensitivities of the insensitive majority.SOLUTIONS TO PREVENT MISUSE OF S.295ARecently, in 2016, the Supreme Court rejected a constitutional challenge to Section 295A in Ashish Khetan v. Union of India. It does not seem like the courts will be able to provide any solution to the problem of misuse, since they have not been keen on reviewing the constitutionality of the impugned provision. The Court can only provide certain safeguards like they did in Mahendra Singh Dhoni case, wherein the Court sounded a word of caution by stating that “…Magistrates who have been conferred with the power of taking cognizance and issuing summons are required to carefully scrutinize whether the allegations made in the complaint proceeding meet the basic ingredients of the offence…”Apart from certain guidelines, the only real solution is for Parliament to amend the law in the following manner. Firstly, the interpretation provided by the Court in Ramji Lal Modi must be explicitly recognized by the text of the law. Only in cases of aggravated insult which tends to disrupt public order, can Section 295A be attracted. Secondly, there must be an application of a judicial mind before the case is registered. However, this might be difficult especially when judicial minds are so few and so burdened in this country. Therefore, in the alternative, complaints under this Section must be registered only by senior police officers, once they are satisfied that all conditions are met. This might not completely stop the misuse, but it will bring about a more accountable system.The article was first published here.Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

Scoreboard roundup — 4/4/19

first_imgApril 5, 2019 /Sports News – National Scoreboard roundup — 4/4/19 Written by FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailiStock(NEW YORK) — Here are the scores from Thursday’s sports events:MAJOR LEAGUE BASEBALLAMERICAN LEAGUEDetroit 5 Kansas City 4NY Yankees 8 Baltimore 4Oakland 7 Boston 3Cleveland 4 Toronto 1Texas 11 LA Angels 4Seattle at Chi White Sox 2:10 p.m., postponedNATIONAL LEAGUEWashington 4 NY Mets 0Pittsburgh 2 Cincinnati 0Atlanta 9 Chi Cubs 4San Diego at St. Louis 4:15 p.m., postponedNATIONAL BASKETBALL ASSOCIATIONMilwaukee 128 Philadelphia 122Sacramento 117 Cleveland 104Golden State 108 L.A. Lakers 90NATIONAL HOCKEY LEAGUESO NY Islanders 2 Florida 1Buffalo 5 Ottawa 2Carolina 3 New Jersey 1Washington 2 Montreal 1Pittsburgh 4 Detroit 1Tampa Bay 3 Toronto 1Boston 3 Minnesota 0St. Louis 7 Philadelphia 3Nashville 3 Vancouver 2OT Colorado 3 Winnipeg 2San Jose 3 Edmonton 2Arizona 4 Vegas 1Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.center_img Beau Lundlast_img read more