Dozens of people braved 99˚ weather to rally in front of Philadelphia’s City Hall on July 21. They gathered to demand “U.S. stop funding terror in the Philippines” and instead “Fund jobs, health care, housing and education, not imperialist wars.” Speakers included Cero Parel and Jeeva of BAYAN-USA, Nora K of Jewish Voice for Peace Philadelphia and Mike Wilson of Workers World Party.The demonstration was one of dozens of similar protests in the U.S. and around the world to condemn the U.S.-backed Duterte regime for its crimes against the Filipino people. In a “United peoples state of the nation address,” BAYAN-USA charges: “The fascist Trump administration continues to fully support the Duterte regime ($193 million in 2018 alone), while it carries out a bloody drug war on the poor, martial law in Mindanao, and counter-insurgency war on the revolutionary movement in the Philippines. With more than 30,000 extrajudicial killings, 532 political prisoners, and at least 56 Philippine National Police officers involved in abusing women, the U.S.-Duterte regime continues its state repression and terror against the people. The U.S.-Duterte regime is guilty of daily gross human rights violations.” Speakers joined BAYAN-USA in demanding “Stop U.S. intervention in the Philippines and all across the globe.” The protest was endorsed by BAYAN-USA, Food Not Bombs-Solidarity, FIRE, International Action Center, Jewish Voice for Peace Philadelphia, Philadelphia Camden Comite Boricua and Workers World Party. FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare this
Help by sharing this information IranMiddle East – North Africa March 18, 2021 Find out more February 25, 2021 Find out more June 9, 2021 Find out more Iran: Press freedom violations recounted in real time January 2020 Receive email alerts News Follow the news on Iran IranMiddle East – North Africa to go further RSF_en After Hengameh Shahidi’s pardon, RSF asks Supreme Leader to free all imprisoned journalists News News Organisation June 23, 2010 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Emadoldin Baghi freed, but Iran still Middle East’s biggest prison for journalists News Call for Iranian New Year pardons for Iran’s 21 imprisoned journalists Reporters Without Borders is relieved to learn that leading journalist and prisoner rights activist Emadoldin Baghi has been freed on bail after six months in detention. He is to be tried on 4 July. The press freedom organisation is nonetheless concerned about the fate of another journalist, Abdolreza Tajik, whose family does not know why he was arrested on 12 June or where he has been held since then.“Baghi’s conditional release after six months in solitary confinement, in appalling conditions and subjected to arbitrary interrogations, is obviously good news,” Reporters Without Borders said. “But is Iran is still holding 36 other journalists and bloggers, which is more than any other country in the Middle East.”As he left prison, Baghi told Reporters Without Borders: “I have felt as if I was on parole ever since the first time I was released in 2003. I am pleased to be out of prison today but my thoughts are with the other journalists and detainees still in jail. Your efforts and the efforts of other human rights organisations are unquestionably of great importance for the fate of detainees.” A tireless campaigner against the death penalty, Baghi, 46, was arrested on 28 December 2009 for the latest of several spells he has spent in prison since 2000. He had to been hospitalised several times but, despite payment of a large amount of bail, he was not allowed to spend the Iranian New Year with his family on 21 March.Tajik is a member of the Tehran-based Defenders of Human Rights Centre, an organisation founded by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Shirin Ebadi. He used to write for several publications that have been shut down by the authorities, including Bahar (closed in 2001), Hambastegi (closed in 2003) and Shargh (closed in 2008).His family has had no news of him since he was arrested for the third time in less than a year on 12 June. Another person who works closely with Ebadi, Defenders of Human Rights Centre spokesperson Narges Mohammadi, was arrested at her home by intelligence ministry officials on the evening of 10 June.
News UpdatesNational Lockdown: NLU-D Launches E-Library For Providing “Uninterrupted Access” To Legal Information Resources To The Legal Fraternity [Read Press Note] LIVELAW NEWS NETWORK1 May 2020 11:33 PMShare This – xThe National Law University, Delhi has launched an E-Library for providing “uninterrupted access” to legal information resources to its students and the legal industry amid the nationwide lockdown. The Justice TPS Chawla Library established at NLU-D offers information services to its students and faculty members with the help of ICT techniques. This has enabled the access…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe National Law University, Delhi has launched an E-Library for providing “uninterrupted access” to legal information resources to its students and the legal industry amid the nationwide lockdown. The Justice TPS Chawla Library established at NLU-D offers information services to its students and faculty members with the help of ICT techniques. This has enabled the access of subscription based databases through Digital Access Portal to its students and faculty members from outside campus based on access credentials assigned. The Digital Access Portal provides access of subscription based databases and open access/public domain resources as well. The library facilitates access of more than 25000 eBooks and more than 15000 eJournals through its subscribed databases. Judicial pronouncements, both of the Indian Courts as well as almost all foreign Apex Courts and International Courts are accessible in digital formats.A huge treasure of legal information resources is available in the Library’s Public Domain, viz. more than a few billion ebooks and legal articles.It regularly circulates digital copies of Newspapers and magazines to the NLU-D faculty members.Research based queries from undergraduate and post graduate students of the University, professors, judicial officers, Judges, government officials and students from other law schools are solved on daily basis by the library. In order to assist the beneficiaries to navigate through this pile of data, the University has also developed a “Guide to Open Online Resources” that may be accessed at: https://nludelhi.ac.in/download/library/OA/mobile/index.html The Guide is divided into certain parts in the following manner: Public Domain Legal Resources This section of the portal is open for all and can be accessed by any law practitioner or student around the world. They can access verity of legal information including parliamentary, legislative, judicial and law reform resources. Open Educational Resources This section compiles more than few billions of books and scholarly articles published in peer reviewed scholarly journals. It also furnishes access of various massive open online courses and open education resources. Open Online Resources This section expounds various open educational resources and massive open online courses explaining about Commonwealth of Learning, Swayam: Free Online Education, ePgPathshala, eAcharya, NPTEL, Vidya Mitra, IIMBx, Harvardx and Stanford University Courses. In addition to this, the University has assisted in development of more than 400 modules in the subject of Law Post Graduate Courses modules developed by UGC. As per a statement issued in this behalf, “the University has assisted UGC for development of sixteen subjects for Criminology under ePg-Pathshala Project. The faculty of the University have also contributed and developed a number of MOOCs under SWAYAM-MHRD PORTAL on Research Methodology, Corporate Law, Environmental Law, ICT, IPR and Access to Justice.” Click Here To Download Press Note Read Press Note Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story
4404 North Bay Road with Cindy Crawford and Rande Gerber (One Sotheby’s, Google Maps, Getty)Cindy Crawford and Rande Gerber are joining the party in Miami. The celebrity couple paid nearly $10 million for a waterfront Miami Beach teardown.The model and businesswoman and her husband, a former model and nightlife mogul, closed on the five-bedroom, 3,800-square-foot house at 4404 North Bay Road, sources told The Real Deal. The $9.6 million sale closed on Dec. 29.Page Six first reported that Crawford and Gerber bought a property on North Bay Road, but did not identify the house or price paid.Mirce Curkoski and Albert Justo of One Sotheby’s International Realty represented the sellers, and Esther Percal of Berkshire Hathaway HomeServices EWM Realty represented the buyer, according to Redfin. One Sotheby’s declined to comment on the deal, and Percal could not immediately be reached for comment.Property records show Anne Binder, Elizabeth Binder and Amy Scher sold the house. It sits on a 17,000-square-foot lot with a pool and more than 100 feet of water frontage. The home was built in 1955.Crawford has appeared on the cover of more than 1,000 magazines, co-founded the skincare product line Meaningful Beauty, and launched the Cindy Crawford Home collection. Gerber has ties to Miami Beach. He owned The Whiskey on Ocean Drive in the early 1990s, according to his bio. His Gerber Group worked with Starwood Hotels, W Hotels and other hotel groups. He also co-founded Casamigos Tequila with George Clooney, which they sold to Diageo in 2017 for more than $700 million.The house is near the waterfront mansion at 4368 North Bay Road that Shutterstock founder Jon Oringer acquired in October for $42 million. North Bay Road is also home to Phil Collins, Chris Bosh, Dwyane Wade and Gabrielle Union.Celebrities, tech and finance executives have been flocking to South Florida throughout the pandemic. Gabe Plotkin, who founded his multibillion-dollar investment management firm Melvin Capital Management, paid $44 million for the waterfront homes at 6360 and 6342 North Bay Road in November.Tampa Bay Buccaneers quarterback Tom Brady and his supermodel wife, Gisele Bündchen, purchased a waterfront property on exclusive Indian Creek Island.Model Karlie Kloss and her husband, Joshua Kushner, are also reportedly the buyers of a waterfront North Bay Road mansion that sold over the summer for $23.5 million.Contact Katherine Kallergis Message* Email Address* TagsCelebrity Real EstateMiami Beachnorth bay road Share on FacebookShare on TwitterShare on LinkedinShare via Email Share via Shortlink Full Name* Share via Shortlink
The soils of the Maritime and sub‐Antarctic experience extreme environmental conditions but nonetheless host biological communities which can survive low temperatures, limited water availability and short‐day lengths or even the complete absence of solar radiation during the winter. We determined the organic carbon (SOC) and total N, soil microbial biomass (SMB), labile carbon (LC) and respiration rate (RR) in soil samples from the longest latitudinal transect (approximately 2000 km) ever sampled exclusively in the Maritime and sub‐Antarctic comprising 69 sites located between South Georgia (54°S) and south‐eastern Alexander Island (72°S). With the exception of the most northerly location (South Georgia), the greatest SMB values occurred at 67–68°S, despite the harsh environmental conditions. This is consistent with the relative nutrient richness of the soils at these latitudes, as indicated by large SOC and total soil N concentrations, which are in turn probably linked to more abundant guano and excreta deposition by sea birds and seals which have fewer and smaller areas of ice‐free terrain to land or haul out on further south. South of 68°S, SOC values declined with increasing latitude, which is probably due to increasingly extreme environmental conditions. We also found that the SOC and SMB values, the proportion of SOC considered labile (LC/SOC) and the carbon mineralization rates expressed as either RR/SOC or RR/SMB were all small compared with values from less extreme temperate and tropical regions. However, the proportion of the SOC in the microbial biomass (SMB/SOC) was substantially greater than that reported for non‐polar soils. We conclude that although the soils of the Maritime and sub‐Antarctic have small and relatively inactive microbial communities, they are characterised by efficient conversion of organic resources into microbial biomass and large affinities for added substrates.
Written by January 15, 2019 /Sports News – National Alaska boy picked as NFL Kid Correspondent for Super Bowl 53 FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailABC News(NEW YORK) — The NFL teams aren’t quite set, but one person is already Super Bowl bound after finding out Tuesday morning that he will be this year’s NFL Kid Correspondent. Camdyn Clancy, 8, came to ABC News’ Good Morning America all the way from Alaska to get the surprise of his life: that he has been selected as this year’s big winner for the NFL Play 60 contest. Clancy was visibly stunned and excited upon hearing the wonderful news and said, “It means a lot to me.” He will head to Atlanta the week of the Super Bowl and get behind-the-scenes access to players, coaches and fans throughout the week and, of course, on Sunday, Feb. 3, he will stand on the sidelines to cover the biggest football game of the year. The excited youth football quarterback told former NFL star and GMA co-anchor Michael Strahan that he led his team in Alaska to a championship after battling back from an injury — just like his favorite player, Tyler Lockett. “He broke his leg and came back through the injury that could have actually stopped him from playing, but he actually chose to play,” Clancy said. “I broke my arm when I was 4 years old, and four years later, I was quarterbacking and led my team to the championship.” Clancy said he admires the Seattle Seahawks wide receiver because he’s a good sport who is “humble; he wins with class and he loses with class.” Then, Lockett delivered a personal message to the young fan via video message on GMA and told him he hopes to see him in Atlanta. “Thanks for cheering us on from Alaska,” Lockett said. “I sent you a jersey to represent the 12s. Have a great time, and I hope to see you in Atlanta. Go Hawks!” The Seahawks mascot, Blitz, presented Clancy with a brand new jersey, and Clancy celebrated with his best touchdown dance.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Beau Lund
Exchange rate fluctuations may result in a decline in international applicants to the UK, reducing significantly international funding, a report conducted by Times Higher Education shows.The depreciation of Indian rupee against sterling as well as a sharp decline in the value of Australian’s dollar resulted in the relatively increasing cost of study in the UK. The report claims that this may result in a decline of applications from India – one of the UK’s biggest markets.This will create difficulties for many universities, who rely on international students as sources of funding.
The Event Showcases Downtown Ocean City and Features Miss America and Broadway Star Kelli RabkeThe third annual Girls Weekend from Friday to Sunday (April 6 to 8) will showcase all that Ocean City’s downtown retail district has to offer and provide a great reason to escape to the shore early in the season. This year, the event will feature appearances by reigning Miss America Cara Mund and a show by Broadway star Kelli Rabke.Mund will join Ocean City Special Events Coordinator Michael Hartman in hosting the popular Girls Weekend Fashion Show on Friday, April 6. She also will appear at a special free meet-and-greet event on Sunday, April 8.The first woman from North Dakota ever to become Miss America, Mund is a graduate of Brown University with a degree in business, entrepreneurship and organizations. In her new role, she advocates for women’s education, empowerment and leadership. She serves as the national goodwill ambassador for the Children’s Miracle Network Hospitals. Among other initiatives, she promotes her personal platform: a Make-a-Wish Passion with Fashion.The fashion show is set for 7 p.m. April 6 at Glazed Over Studios (704 Asbury Avenue) and kicks off the weekend’s events. It features clothes and accessories for sale in Ocean City’s retail shops and modeled by local men and women, including members of City Council. The lighthearted event will be catered by local restaurants. Advance tickets ($20) are required and on sale now at City Hall, the Route 52 Welcome Center, Ta-Dah (1040 Asbury Ave.) and the 7th Street Surf Shop (720 Asbury Ave).Mund will return on Sunday for a free meet-and-greet from noon until 2 p.m. Fans and downtown shoppers are invited to stop by Jon and Patty’s Coffee Bar and Bistro, 637 Asbury Avenue, for an autograph/photo-op with Miss America.Tickets are also on sale for a Girls Weekend show (on April 7) titled “Defying Gravity.” The show stars Kelli Rabke, a Broadway star and Bergen County mom of two young children. Rabke will weave tales of motherhood, music, and the misadventures of life and love. She performs 7:30 p.m. Saturday, April 7 on the Ocean City Music Pier. For tickets ($18 to $20), visit oceancityvacation.com/boxoffice, call 609-399-6111, or stop by the City Hall Welcome Center or the Roy Gillian Welcome Center on the Route 52 causeway.Rabke starred in Broadway shows such as “Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat” (as Narrator) and “Les Miserables” (as Eponine). After 10 years out of the spotlight, she returned to the stage with her sold-out cabaret debut, “No Place Like Home,” followed by “The Wizard … and I – The Music of Stephen Schwartz.” She now headlines symphony concerts and cabaret shows in New York City and around the world.She was the voice of Kat in the Discovery Kids series “Kenny the Shark” and played Bernadette on “The Young and The Restless.” Her career includes a variety of other roles, but she is most proud of her biggest “productions” to date: her son, Joseph, and daughter, Abigale.Girls Weekend features hotel and bed-and-breakfast packages, dining offers, shopping discounts, prizes, yoga and wellness classes, craft projects and demonstrations at various locations throughout Ocean City. For a detailed schedule of Girls Weekend events, accommodations and participating businesses, call 609-399-1412, visit the Girls Weekend blog at www.oceancityvacation.com or check out the Facebook pages “Downtown OCNJ” and “OceanCityNJVacation.”MORE APRIL EVENTSDOO DAH PARADE (April 14): The Doo Dah Parade was first held in Ocean City in 1986 as an event to herald the end of income tax season. It featured unusual entries like beach chair drill teams and fan clubs of legendary comedians. The free parade begins at noon on Asbury Avenue at Sixth Street, proceeds to 12th Street and turns east to the boardwalk, finishing at Sixth Street. For more than a decade, the parade has been anchored by a legion of dogs from the Basset Hound Rescue League. The annual Pie-asco will move to Sixth Street and Boardwalk this year. The finale to the parade invites everybody to smoosh a friend with a shaving-cream pie.MR MATURE AMERICA PAGEANT (April 14): The event is the first and only pageant of its kind in the United States. Erik Estrada, who captured the hearts of millions of fans worldwide in his six-year run as highway patrol officer Frank Poncherello in the TV series “CHiPs,” will be host of this year’s show. The historic Flanders Hotel returns as a founding sponsor this year. The madcap pageant celebrates men 55 years and older with competitions in talent, poise and interview categories. Tickets for the show ($18 to $30) are on sale now and available at oceancityvacation.com/boxoffice, by calling 609-399-6111, or in-person at the City Hall Welcome Center or the Roy Gillian Welcome Center on the Route 52 causeway.2018 SPRING FESTIVAL OF GUARANTEED AMERICAN HANDCRAFTS AND FINE ART (April 21 and 22): A show where every offering is guaranteed to be made in the U.S. by the artisan in the booth. Features jewelry, glass, watercolors and oil paintings, beach and bay photography, candles, soaps, lotions, leathergoods, gourmet food items and more. Show hours are 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. at the Ocean City Music Pier on the Boardwalk at Moorlyn Terrace. The $3 admission benefits the Ocean City Food Cupboard, Atlantic City Rescue Mission and Gilda’s Club South Jersey. For more information, call JoAnne Schaut at 609-365-2239.CYSTIC FIBROSIS WALK (April 28): 10 a.m. registration and 11 a.m. start at the Sixth Street practice field near the boardwalk. For more information, call 610-325-6001.BOARDWALK AND DOWNTOWN MERCHANT TABLE SALES (April 28-29): No Vendors. Sixth Street to 14th Street on the Boardwalk and Asbury Avenue.SPORTS MEMORABILIA SHOW (April 28-29): A weekend of events and table sales dedicated to athletes and fans. Perfect for collectors. Ocean City Music Pier. For more information, call 609-399-6111.MARCH FOR BABIES WALK (April 29): 11 a.m. registration and 12 p.m. start at Sixth Street basketball courts near boardwalk. For more information, visit www.marchforbabies.org or call 856-874-9050. Miss America Cara Mund will be part of two events during Girls Weekend in Ocean City. Photo Credit: Matt Boyd Photography
Ocean City Public Safety Building Calls for Service: 626 Daily Average: 89September 2, 2018: Sunday Calls for service: 132Stops: 19 Accidents: 3 Property Checks: 33 Alarms: 1 The Police Department assisted with 16 Fire and 13 EMS callsCity ordinance noise, 900 block Wesley Avenue, at 1:16amJuvenile problem, 1100 block Bay Avenue, at 1:28amCurfew violation, 5th & Beach, at 2:08amCity ordinance alcohol, 5100 block West Avenue, at 2:51amMotor vehicle accident, 8th & West Avenue, at 8:23amMotor vehicle accident, 24th & West Avenue, at 8:41amProperty damage, 3300 block Wesley Avenue, at 11:22amWarrant arrest, 400 block Haven Avenue, at 3:01pmTheft, Bay Road & Battersea Road, at 4:12pmVerbal dispute, 900 block Pleasure Avenue, at 4:46pmTheft, 1700 block Simpson Avenue, at 5:32pmCDS arrest, 700 block Central Avenue, at 7:42pmSeptember 3, 2018: MondayCalls for service: 115Stops: 16 Accidents: 1 Property Checks: 21 Alarms: 4 The Police Department assisted in 23 Fire and 13 EMS callsCurfew violation, 9th Street beach, at 1:34amCurfew violation, Moorlyn Terrace, at 2:21amCity ordinance noise, 700 block Moorlyn Terrace, at 2:33amFall on city property, 900 block Boardwalk, at 8:32amFall on city property, 300 block 15th Street, at 9:19amDisorderly Conduct, 1200 block West Avenue, at 11:09amRunaway juvenile, 800 block Delancey Place, at 12:09pmMotor vehicle accident, 900 block Wesley Ave., at 2:43pmVerbal dispute, Marian & and Spruce Road, at 2:53pmFall on city property, 6th & Atlantic Avenue, at 3:46pmHarassment, 1700 block Simpson Avenue, at 5:03pmBoat accident, Route 52 & back Bay area, at 7:34pmDisorderly conduct, 1000 block Boardwalk, at 8:10pmVerbal dispute, Ocean City Music Pier, at 11:10pmSeptember 4, 2018: TuesdayCalls for service: 55Stops: 10 Accidents: 1 Property Checks: 13 Alarms: 2 The Police Department assisted with 17 Fire and 9 EMS callsMotor vehicle accident, Route 52, at 7:29amTrespassing, 400 block Haven Avenue, at 9:33amFall on city property, Brighton Place & Boardwalk, at 10:47amTheft, Marian & Spruce Road, at 12:37pmLandlord Tenant dispute, 600 block Wesley Avenue, at 4:39pmWarrant arrest, 800 block Central Avenue, at 6:31pmTheft, 1900 block Asbury Avenue, at 8:51pmVerbal dispute, 1000 block Boardwalk, at 9:03pmSeptember 5, 2018: Wednesday Calls for service: 92Stops: 20 Accidents: 0 Property Checks: 25 Alarms: 4 The Police Department assisted with 10 fire and 5 EMS callsSuspicious person, unit block Simpson Road, 2:58amHarassment, West 14th Street, at 9:44amTrespassing, 800 block Periwinkle Drive, at 1:04pmProperty damage, 300 block 33rd Street, at 1:07pmVerbal dispute, 300 block Ocean Avenue, at 4:33pmVerbal dispute, 3000 block of Bay Avenue, at 8:46pmTheft, 1500 block Bay Avenue, at 8:58pmSeptember 6, 2018: ThursdayCalls for service: 86Stops: 18 Accidents: 1 Property Checks: 27 Alarms: 6 The Police Department assisted with 12 fire and 9 EMS callsElevator rescue, 600 block West Avenue, 12:48amTheft, 700 block Moorlyn Terrace, at 9:08amWarrant arrest, 900 block Wesley Avenue, at 11:19amCriminal mischief, 1600 block Simpson Avenue, at 12:09pmDWI, Roosevelt Boulevard, at 1:28pmFraud, 800 block Asbury Avenue, at 3:00pmWarrant arrest, 800 block Central Avenue, at 4:04pmDisorderly conduct, 800 block Asbury Avenue, at 4:19pmMotor vehicle accident, 8th & Ocean Avenue, at 4:18pmDisorderly conduct, 1000 block Boardwalk, at 5:04pm September 7, 2018: FridayCalls for service: 83Stops: 19 Accidents: 1 Property Checks: 21 Alarms: 1 The Police Department assisted in 15 fire and 10 EMS callsCustody dispute, 500 block West Avenue, at 9:44amTheft, 600 Wesley Avenue, at 11:32amAccident, 1000 block West Avenue, at 4:55pmGas leak, 4th & West Avenue, at 3:07pmTrespassing, 1000 block Boardwalk, at 7:18pmMotor vehicle complaint, Route 52, at 10:15pmProperty/Person check, 400 block 29th Street, 10:52pmProperty/person check, 34th & Asbury Avenue, at 11:35pmSeptember 8, 2018: SaturdayCalls for service: 63Stops: 12 Accidents: 2 Property Checks: 18 Alarms: 3 The Police Department assisted with 13 Fire and 9 EMS callsSuspicious person, 46th & West Avenue, at 12:20amTraffic Hazard, 3000 block West Avenue, at 10:44amMotor vehicle complaint, 700 block Asbury Avenue, at 12:40pmCivil matter, 200 block Bay Avenue, at 3:00pmAccident, Inlet Rd. & Gardens Parkway, at 3:49pmMotor vehicle accident, Battersea & Wesley Rd., at 9:44pmCity Ordinance noise, 700 block 11th Street, at 11:40pmPUBLIC SERVICE ANNOUNCEMENTS:Residents and visitors are encouraged to use the 911 system when reporting crimes and violations of the law. For non-emergencies, call 609-399-9111. Many residents and visitors are using email when reporting various issues to the police. This may cause a delay and is not the most efficient way to get a timely response.