Open Source File System Takes On Microsoft’s exFAT Patents

first_imgOne small developer says that he’s readied an open-source alternative to Microsoft’s exFAT file system, providing companies and individuals with a free alternative to Microsoft’s file system for flash drives.Over the weekend, developer Andrew Nayenko announced fuse-exFAT 1.0.0, completing three years of development on the project. Tarball archives have been posted to Google’s code site, where they can be compiled for GNU/UNIX based operating systems and Apple’s OS X.And that could mean a loss of revenue for Microsoft, which has been busy licensing its exFAT file system to a number of companies. Last week, for example, Microsoft licensed the exFAT tech to automaker BMW for an undisclosed amount. It has signed similar deals with Aspen Avionics, Canon, Panasonic, Research In Motion, Sanyo and Sony.Why Is This Important?A file system manages the locations of computer files stored on a drive; in Windows, for example, PCs have used the NTFS file system since the days of Windows 2000. (Microsoft planned to include a new file system into Windows 8, called ReFS, but that system has been reserved for Windows Server.) Apple uses its own Hierarchical File System, with an improved version, HFS+, in OS X. The vast majority of consumers and businesses never have to worry about which format is used on which drive, as products like USB keys and external hard drives can be read by both Apple and Windows systems. Those external devices –  including the SD cards used by most consumer cameras – are typically formatted with a file system called FAT32.But as cards themselves increase in file size, the file system’s role becomes more prominent; for example, SD HD cards up to 32GB are formatted with FAT32. But for the newer SD XC cards, from 32GB on up to a (largely theoretical) limit of 2 terabytes, the SD Card Association has flipped over to the exFAT file system.That’s important in an increasingly connected world. In a statement, BMW’s project manager for CE device connections, Gottfried Schmid, explained that “with the support of the trend-setting file system exFAT, BMW is able to significantly increase the number of compatible CE devices and Mass Storage devices for our customers.” But the license agreements Microsoft has signed cover a number of traditional camera and phone manufacturers that are seeking legal shelter.The Legal MessIt’s still too early to tell whether Nayenko has managed to reverse engineer exFAT using open-source technologies, however. Microsoft hasn’t divulged many details of the the exFAT file system; in 2009, the SANS Institute attempted to reverse-engineer the exFAT file system to enable forensic examination, such as sensitive images that may have been stored on a camera. Microsoft maintains a licensing page specifically devoted to licensing exFAT technologies, and company representatives declined to comment when asked if Nayenko’s technology violated the company’s patents.Nayenko is presenting the exFAT file system as a FUSE model, a loadable kernel module that essentially serves as a bridge to the actual kernel interfaces. FUSE is licensed according to the GNU public software license.The few people who are aware of Nayenko’s release have begun asking whether or not businesses or other commercial entities interested in using fuse-exFAT within their own products may legally do so. Last year, Nayenko said that he didn’t believe that Microsoft could touch him. “Fortunately U.S. laws are not worlds [sic] laws,” he wrote in a message to the Google newsgroup.On Tuesday, he took a more laissez-faire approach. “I don’t know,” Nayenko responded, when I asked to interview him about the legal standing of fuse-exFAT. “You should consult a lawyer. I run this project just for fun and don’t care about patents because I’m not a U.S. resident.”It’s easy to draw comparisons between fuse-exFAT and Linux, and the battles between the open-source community and Microsoft in the late 1990s. Linux, however, was designed as a new OS kernel, not as a clone of existing Microsoft technology. While Nayenko may have designed a version of the exFAT file system that truly exists independently of Microsoft, any company selling products based on fuse-exFAT within the United States will probably face a legal challenge from Redmond.Image source: Flickr/Le ciel azure markhachman Related Posts IT + Project Management: A Love Affair Massive Non-Desk Workforce is an Opportunity fo…center_img 3 Areas of Your Business that Need Tech Now Tags:#flash#Microsoft#Open Source#Patents#storage Cognitive Automation is the Immediate Future of…last_img read more

Cloud Computing: 4 Ways To Overcome IT Resistance

first_imgCloud Hosting for WordPress: Why Everyone is Mo… Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting kyle falkenhagen Tags:#cloud computing#enterprise Guest author Kyle Falkenhagen is director of product management at ServiceMesh.Business and IT leaders are bombarded with cloud computing hype and promotion. Yet very little is said about how the cloud affects the evolution of the IT organization itself. Enterprise cloud adoption is a transformative shift where the greatest implementation challenges are often more about people and process than technology integration.Agents of change, especially in large enterprises, must overcome various forms of resistance. This includes organizational fiefdoms and the IT silos that evolved with them. These four organizational change strategies can help IT departments fight fear and inertia as they move to cloud computing:IT Change Strategy #1: Use Tiger Teams To Break Down IT FiefdomsWhile no one is shocked that IT silos can hinder cloud adoption, you may be surprised how quickly you’ll encounter resistance. For example, setting up IaaS (Infrastructure-as-a-Service) offerings for your first private cloud will likely involve separate groups responsible for storage, computing, networking, platforms and security. Coordination among these groups is already difficult and you’ll quickly find that many cloud vendors have product interoperability issues that cause documentation gaps, integration problems and incompatibilities. Teams will have to escalate issues through multiple vendors, causing long delays and strains between IT fiefdoms not accustomed to relying on each other.The key is for siloed groups to share activities across traditional boundaries. To encourage this, leading companies have created Tiger Teams: small cross-functional groups of skilled, respected and entrepreneurial-minded workers. They should be experienced enough to navigate their home departments to accomplish needed tasks, politically astute enough to marshal resources and enterprising enough to push projects to completion. And they need a strong sponsor who can provide political cover and help break through entrenched resistance.IT Change Strategy #2: SWAT Away “Analysis Paralysis”One large financial institution implemented a cloud strategy with an incumbent vendor that claimed to offer the right strategy and products. The firm waited too long for proof points and had vastly disappointing results. When it tried to bring in other cloud vendors, they merely added confusion to the existing failed effort – leading to analysis paralysis and the inability to decide on the proper next steps.Unfortunately, this scenario is being played out in many large enterprises. If you can’t afford a year of paralysis, create a SWAT team.Smaller and more discreet than a Tiger Team, a SWAT team is quietly let loose to “get something done.” It emerges only when it has a concrete working model to integrate with the IT ecosystem for evaluation. Because it runs “small, fast and dark,” a SWAT team can be easier to initiate than a Tiger Team. A SWAT team’s goal is to break the paralysis and create a tangible model that everyone can improve. Building a SWAT team is relatively cost effective, especially compared to the opportunity cost of spending a year just trying to decide what to do.IT Change Strategy #3: Challenge Legacy ObstinacyMany organizations cling stubbornly to legacy applications and platforms, often including proprietary applications running on no longer supported platforms. While some groups may propose porting those applications to a modern, standardized, platform and as-a-Service offering, legacy zealots may claim that’s too risky.But there are many different techniques for cloud migration, including some require little to no re-architecture efforts. One size does not fit all when it comes to migrating applications to the cloud.That’s critical, because the benefits of eliminating non-standard platforms and infrastructure in favor of lower cost, cloud-based service offerings are too important to ignore. Because cloud computing promises automated processes that lower costs and speed cycle times for application provisioning, maintenance, patching and updating, cloud-based IT service costs will almost certainly decrease over time. Legacy system costs, meanwhile, typically continue to creep up. Many times, simply running numbers can help overcome emotional objections to changing the legacy status quo.IT Change Strategy #4: Challenge Habitual InefficiencyMost organizations existing IT processes and governance approaches are the result of years of layering of systems, technologies and process exceptions. Today’s cloud initiatives present a significant new opportunity to improve process automation and implement new governance best practices. That will likely breed resistance based on the idea of, “if it isn’t broken, don’t fix it.” Don’t buy it. The process has likely been broken for years.Part of the resistance is political, as people within the IT organization understandably worry about positions being eliminated or particular fiefdoms losing prestige and power. The misperception may also exist that automation is fraught with risk.But the real risk lies in not doing anything.While some positions may in fact be eliminated and other roles may change with a move to the cloud, this is far better than the alternative. Sub-optimal IT efficiency can lead to lower enterprise productivity, a loss of competitiveness, lower profits and ultimately the risk of wholesale outsourcing of IT operations.Successful Organizational Change ManagementAddressing organizational change is vital to ensure the success of enterprise cloud-computing initiatives. By incorporating the right approach and building strong arguments to overcome resistance, you can help your organization make the changes necessary for successful implementation of enterprise cloud strategies.center_img Serverless Backups: Viable Data Protection for … How Intelligent Data Addresses the Chasm in Cloud Related Posts last_img read more

Coutinho scores as Barcelona reaches 5th straight Copa final

first_imgView comments Trending Articles PLAY LIST 00:50Trending Articles00:50Trending Articles00:59Sports venues to be ready in time for SEA Games01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Valencia posed a tough challenge for Barcelona, creating some significant scoring chances at Mestalla Stadium, but the visitors opened the scoring in the 49th minute after Luis Suarez raced past a defender inside the area before crossing the ball to Coutinho. The Brazilian playmaker, Barcelona’s most expensive signing, slid to reach the ball and sent it toward the far corner.Coutinho, making his fifth appearance since being signed in January, had only entered the match at halftime.“It’s a special moment for me,” Coutinho said. “I had been trying to score this first goal. I finally got it today and it helped the team advance to the final.”Suarez also set up the second goal, finding Rakitic for an easy shot from inside the area after a breakaway in the 82nd minute.Valencia forward Rodrigo hit the woodwork early in the match.ADVERTISEMENT NEXT BLOCK ASIA 2.0 introduces GURUS AWARDS to recognize and reward industry influencers MOST READ Slow and steady hope for near-extinct Bangladesh tortoises Read Next John Lloyd Cruz a dashing guest at Vhong Navarro’s wedding FC Barcelona’s Philippe Coutinho celebrates after scoring against Valencia during the Spanish Copa del Rey, semifinal, second leg, soccer match between FC Barcelona and Valencia at the Mestalla stadium in Valencia, Spain, Thursday Feb. 8, 2018. (AP Photo/Alberto Saiz)MADRID — Another year, another Copa del Rey final for Barcelona.Philippe Coutinho scored his first goal since leaving Liverpool as Barcelona defeated Valencia 2-0 Thursday to reach the Copa final for the fifth straight season.ADVERTISEMENT Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC AFP official booed out of forum Ivan Rakitic also scored in the second leg of the semifinals, giving Barcelona a 3-0 win on aggregate after a 1-0 victory in the opener at Camp Nou Stadium.The three-time defending champions next face Sevilla in a repeat of the 2016 final.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSLillard, Anthony lead Blazers over ThunderSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutSevilla eliminated Leganes 3-1 on aggregate on Wednesday.“It’s not an easy feat to make it to the final this many times in a row,” Barcelona coach Ernesto Valverde said. “We knew it wasn’t going to be easy.” Kemba Walker to replace Porzingis in NBA All-Star Game Globe Business launches leading cloud-enabled and hardware-agnostic conferencing platform in PH Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. LATEST STORIES “We had our chances,” Valencia coach Marcelino Garcia Toral said. “But they were superior. We competed well but we are not at the same level right now.”It was the sixth straight loss for Valencia in all competitions.“It hurts because we had high expectations coming into this match,” Valencia goalkeeper Jaume Domenech said. “But it wasn’t meant to be. We need to work harder to try to turn things around.”Valencia was attempting to make it to the Copa final for the first time since 2007-08, when it won its seventh title after eliminating Barcelona in the semifinals.Barcelona, which has won the tournament a record 29 times, had eliminated Valencia in the semifinals two years ago, winning 7-0 at Camp Nou in the first leg. It then held on to a 1-1 draw at Mestalla with its second-stringers.Colombian defender Yerry Mina made his Barcelona debut on Thursday by replacing Gerard Pique late in the match. Pique had been listed as doubtful because of a knee injury. 2 ‘newbie’ drug pushers fall in Lucena stinglast_img read more